This paper attempts to assess the extent to which Uganda’s national budget is responsive to the welfare and development needs of the chronically poor people. The paper is developed on the understanding that there may be a gap between the needs of the poorest and what is articulated in the national and local government plans and budgets. Although the main focus of the paper is not on such gaps but on the extent to which national budget expenditure and budget priorities respond to needs of chronically poor, the paper briefly looks at the policy frameworks and their relevance to the eradication of chronic poverty. This is done on account of the strong links budgeting and policy frameworks have on development outcomes, including the eradication of chronic poverty.