Disasters are increasing vulnerability in Uganda. Disasters (natural and man made) are increasingly becoming a serious cause of vulnerability in developing countries like Uganda.
Preliminary findings of the Needs Assessment of the Supply and Demand of learning, knowledge management and opportunities for improving the Humanitarian Sector in Uganda, indicate that disasters disrupt the functioning of communities or societies and the impacts are always calamitous.
Uganda has experienced a wide range of disasters directly affecting most of the country. The outstanding forms of disasters include civil strife, famine as a result of drought, earthquakes, disease epidemics, livestock and crop disease, floods and landslides, terrorism among others.
According to the survey that was conducted by DRT and its partners, Makerere University (RAN), Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) AND Makerere University School of Public Health, floods have killed 234 people and affected 353,333 people since 2005. The study was conducted in three districts, Bududa, Adjumani and Kasese in September 2016. This study was commissioned by the Humanitarian Leadership Academy.
Since 1962, Uganda has experienced a number of armed conflicts that have left hundreds of people killed and thousands internally displaced. For instance, the 20 year Northern conflict displaced over 2 million people. Besides the internally displaced, the refugee influx from South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi and Somalia has increased. The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) (2016 report) estimates a total of 491,276 refugees in Uganda.
The study aimed at reviewing the humanitarian sector landscape for Uganda, review the policy, planning and programming setting of the humanitarian sector and identifying key stakeholders and nature of their interests, existing and potential role among others. The study cites limited capacity building in short term courses and awareness as some of the key challenges to learning and knowledge management in the humanitarian sector. The study also found that whereas partners appreciate integration, mainstreaming and budgeting of humanitarian support, District Local Governments are neither doing nor implementing actions.
In order to improve the performance of the sector, the researched suggested for the initiation and support of a regular forum for a National level Humanitarian collaboration forum, facilitation of the development and implementation of humanitarian research agenda for Uganda. They also recommend for capacity building of the humanitarian actors in mainstreaming, integration, and fundraising.