Equitable access to education and social services is the right of every individual. Children with disabilities have a right to access social services including education. The Government of Uganda designed a number of polices to ensure that children with disabilities can access education .These polices include: Uganda National Institute of Special Education Act, 1995 which instituted Special Needs Education (SNE), the Constitution of Uganda (1995) and the Persons With Disability Act (2006).SNE was designed as an affirmative action to facilitate educational approaches and programmes specially designed for persons with special learning needs.
In spite of the existence of an elaborate institutional and legal framework to cater for the realization of the right to education for children with special needs, implementation of these policies is still a challenge. Only 0.33% of the education sector budget was allocated to the financing to the Special Needs Education in Uganda from 2010/11 to 2012/13, and yet the Persons With Disability Act (2006) stipulates that not less than 10% of all educational expenditure should be allocated to the needs of Persons with Disability (PWDs).
According to the National Development Plan (NDP), 10% of children in school have special needs and their access to special needs is hampered by limited technical, human, financial and physical public resources.Lack of adequate funding to SNE deprives children with special needs of their right to education, and consequently increasing their susceptibility to poverty.