Access to safe drinkable water is one of the challenges in Kampala City slums. According to the baseline respondents, Kampala Central Division leads in access to clean water with 100%.   In other divisions, access to clean water was as follows; Nakawa (45%), Makindye (66%), Kawempe (86%), and Lubaga (70%). Overall, 25% of households do not have access to safe water sources.

Sanitation situation in Kampala slums is also still poor. In Kawempe and Makindye 16% and 4.2% of households use paid for Public toilets. In one of Makindye slum a public toilet is located in another zone and serves 3 zones.


This baseline survey report was developed collectively by Development Research and Training (DRT), Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and ACTogether. It was conducted in slum settlements of the five divisions of Kampala (Rubaga, Kawempe, Nakawa, Central and Makindye). Kampala, the Capital City of Uganda, has got over 57 slum settlements. The main challenges faced by these settlements are poor planning, water and sanitation and access to basic social services.