A livelihood is a means of survival. It involves capacities, assets incomes and activities that promote life. The MDGs are clear on halving the proportion of poor persons by 2015 (Goal 1). The Uganda Constitution (1995) is also clear on the need for food secure persons (XXII). Similarly, the Universal declaration on human rights provides for the right of everyone to an adequate standard of living.

At Kampala City Council Authority (KCCA), an Authority managing the city, the livelihood component is managed by the production and marketing department. The sector is composed of cooperatives, urban farming, fisheries, veterinary, forestry, labor and entomology.  The main sources of income for Kampala slum dwellers are informal businesses, urban agriculture (Nakawa; Kyanja, Makindye and Kawempe), formal and informal employment in existing institutions and factories (Nakawa), salons and restaurants. Public works for road sweeping and drainage de-silting also contributes significantly to the survival of many slum dwellers.

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