Globally, poor sanitation is one of the main causes of ill health and socio-economic problems. Poor sanitation is also a major development obstacle in most developing countries like Uganda (Mara 2003, UNICEF and WHO 2010). However, prioritization and investments in solid waste management by individuals and governments in most developing countries is limited, creating an imbalance between the population’s needs and the available services (Kamara etal 2008).
In Kampala city, solid waste is managed by Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA)2 in collaboration with private companies. Available information shows that each household in Kampala generates approximately between 0.5kg and 1.1kg per capita of solid waste per day. Going by Kampala’s population estimated at 1.5 million (UBOS), it is predicted that about 750,000kg or 750 tonnes of waste are generated in Kampala per day.
However, on average, only 50% (375 tonnes of waste) is collected by KCCA and private companies per day. KCCA acknowledges that the amount of solid waste generated overwhelms its capacity to collect and dispose due to financial and technical challenges (Water Aid, 2011).